The name "Lapis lazuli" has its origin in the Persian language and means “blue stone". The color of this opaque stone ranges from a pure ultramarine blue to lighter blue tones. Clear and white inclusions are due to the calcite, and reduce quality. The very popular gold colored inclusions are caused by pyrite and resemble the stars in the sky. The extraordinarily good quality stones processed by Bernd Wolf come from the Hindu Kush area, located between Russia and Afghanistan. There it is mined from June till November at an altitude of 3,500m to 5,500m. There are also large reserves of lesser quality in Siberia, at Lake Baikal, and in Chile.
In antiquity, lapis lazuli was already considered a sacred stone and was worshiped by many cultures on the basis of its positive qualities. It is said to protect from the evil eye and help against gout, blood diseases and insomnia. It is considered to be the ideal friendship stone, standing for stability. It is said to reinforce willpower and helpfulness and to protect from bad influences.